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Sayings of Imam Mohammad Taqi (AS)

1.      Hazrat Imam (Taqi) Jawad a.s said , God will forgave all of the sins of one who pays a visit to my father's ( Hazrat Imam Ali Raza a.s ) grave & Paradise is his .

2.      Hazrat Imam (Taqi) Jawad a.s said , For he who makes a pilgrimage to my father ( Hazrat Imam Ali Raza a.s ) , I guarantee heaven .

3.      The Person who abandons conciliation with people so the undesirable (gloom misery , distress) gets nearer to him.           ( BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL-78, P-364).

4.      The men who does not know the ways of arrival & entry the ways of exit & exodus will tire & irk him. ( BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL-78, P-364).

5.      The one who get satisfied & contented with a thing beofre recognition & information so he has presented himself to annihilation , & a trouble some & aweful end. ( BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL-78, P-364).

6.      The one who rides (the horse of) lusty desire his faults & slips are irreparable & uncompensatiible. ( BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL-78, P-364).

7.      The boon & benevolence which is not thanked for is like the sin not forgiven . ( BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL-78, P-364).

8.      Good state & sound health is the best providence & grant of Allah .(AYAN U SHIA , MODERN PRINT , VOL-2 , P-36).

9.      Do not make remedy , for a matter whose time of remedy has not yet come, for , you shall repent & bereave & of course the (span) length of your ages do not grow & longivate but your hearts get hard.  Be merciful to your weak & maek one. And seek the mercy of Allah by having mercy & beneficence upon them . (EHQAQ UL HAQ, VOL 12 , P-431)

10.  And do know that indeed Allah is the All element & All knowing & His wrath is upon the one who does not accept His pleasure . And verily the one who does not accept His grant is refused that . And the one who does not accept his guidance goes astray. ( BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL-78, P-359).

11.  The one who commits aggression & tyranny & the one who helps him upon it & the one who is pleased over it , are all party & participants in it. (EHQAQ UL HAQ, VOL 12 , P-432).

12.  The Person who gets wealthy by Allah's (help) people will be needy towards him & the one who guards himself against Allah's forbidden acts people will love him .(EHQAQ UL HAQ, VOL 12 , P-429).

13.  Trust in Allah is the price of every value able commodity & the stairs to every lofty place .  ( BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL-78, P-364).

14.  How does he , whose guardian is Allah , get perished ? And how can he , who is being pursued by Allah , get salvation. (EHQAQ UL HAQ, VOL 12 , P-436).

15.  Indeed , who do not find access to love of Allah except by facing the enemity of lot many people. (BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL-78, P-363).

16.  The Person who is present witnesses a matter & dislikes it is like the one who is absent about it & the person who is absent (at the occurrence) of a matter & is pleased & approves it is like someone who has witnessed. (TUHFUL AQOOL P-456) .

17.  If the ignorant keeps silent people would not differ. (EHQAQ UL HAQ , VOL12 , P-432) .

18.  It is sufficient for a man's being dishonest that he becomes the trustee of dishonest ones. (AYAN U SHIA VOL 2, P-36)

19.  Delaying repentance is a deception & prolonging the period before making repentance is an amazement ful  wandering . And adducing pretexts & making excuses before Allah is an annihilation . And insisting upon sin is being safe from the scheme of Allah . And no one ever thinks himself safe from the scheme of Allah except the community of losers. (TUHFUL AQOOL P-456) .

20.  The beneficences & benevolences of Allah do not become great (abundant) for a person except it that the needs of the people towards him becoem greater so the one who does not bear those needs , puts his beneficences in to annihilation .(EHQAQ UL HAQ , VOL12 , P-428) .

21.  Four qualities assist one upon practicing , health & wealth & knowledge & Devine grace. (EHQAQ UL HAQ , VOL12 , P-436) .

22.  Do know that you are not away from the sight of Allah , So see to it that in what condition you are living (sinfulness or piety) .(TUHFUL AQOOL P-455) .

23.  The one who trusts upon Allah , He shows him pleasure & felicity (makes him happy). And the one who depends upon Allah , He suffices the matter of his life. And the trust upon Allah is a fort where in nobody except a trustworthy faithful gets accommodated & placed. And trust in Allah is the salvation from all evils & safety from all the enemies . And religion is the source of honour , & knowledge is treasure . And silence is a light . And the apex & climax of abstinence is avoiding sin. & temperance . & fear of God. And there is no destruction for religion such as innovation (heresy) . And tehre is nothing most spoiling & decaying for man than greed . And the people (matters) are corrected & set right by the ruler. And the supplication moves away (deviates) the calamities & disasters. (AYAN U SHIA VOL 4, P-35).

24.  The one who makes a transgressor hopeful, the least of his punishment is deprivation . (EHQAQ UL HAQ , VOL12 , P-436) .

25.  Allah revelated to some of the Prophets : Never the less , your piety in the World makes you easy & comfortable. More over , your disconnecting from the world & turning towards Me makes you honourable by Me. But have you ever made anyone your enemy for Me. And made a friend for Me ? (i.e. for my sake) ? .(TUHFUL AQOOL P-456) .

26.  And forbearance is the dress of scholar so do not get yourself dressed off it .( BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL-78, P-362).

27.  And if the scholars conceal & hide their admonition inside themselves & seeing the spiritually deed & gone astray they do not revive & give life  & guide them then they are dishonest in their interiors. ( BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL-78, P-361).

28.  So I commend you to have fear of Allah (guarding against sins) since , there lies in it safety & security from perishment & annihilation . And it is beneficial in confrontation & change of circumstances . Allah (S.W.T.) sustains that thing for man in which he is driven away by his mind through his virtue of piety . And enlightens the mind through his virtue of piety . And enlightens the darkness, blindness & ignorance of His servant's mind by his piety . And saved Noah & his companions in the arc (ship) by through piety . And saved Saleh & his companions from lightening & those having patience are saved & secured by piety . ( BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL-78, P-358).

29.  Beware of the company of evil person since he is like a sword which is apparantly beautiful looking & it's effect is bad (in spilling blood on the way of falsehood).  ( BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL-78, P-364).

30.  The one who conceals the (way of) prosperity & progress from you has done enemity to you.  ( BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL-78, P-364).

31.  The honour of faithful lies in his needless from the people . ( BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL-78, P-365).

32.  The one who acts without knowledge destroy & ruins more that rectifies . ( BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL-78, P-364).

33.  The one who obeys his lustful desire & passions has helped his enemy reach (achieve) his wish.  ( BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL-78, P-364).

34.  The faithful needs 3 qualities , the grace & succor of Allah . And an admonitioner & preacher of his own interior . And accepting the word of the one who admonishes him .  ( BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL-78, P-358).

35.  Be firm so as to reach the goal or get neared to it . ( BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL-78, P-364).

36.  Indeed the trustworthy & reliable brothers are provisions & reshositores for each other . ( BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL-78, P-362).

37.  The Supply of enhancement & abundance (of beneficence) form Allah does not get cut off till the thank giving of servants gets disconnected . (TUHFUL AQOOL P-457) .

38.  The people of goods deeds are more needy towards practicing them then those who have the need of them . Because they (good doers ) who have the reward , pride & memories of those deeds for themselves & to their credit. So the man who performs a good deed first of all it's benefit reaches his own self . (EHQAQ UL HAQ , VOL12 , P-437) .

39.  There are three (acts , which make the servants reach the good pleasure & approval of Allah , 1.Plentifulnes of repentance . 2.Soft natured ness & forbearance .3. Abundance of alms giving.  And there are 3 acts the doer of which does not repent . 1. Not making hurry . 2. Taking advise . 3. Trusting Allah while making decision. (EHQAQ UL HAQ , VOL12 , P-438) .

40.  The one who lends ear to a speaker he has worshiped him. So if the speaker is from Allah's side (speaks the word of Allah) then he has adorned Allah And if the speaker is speaking from the tongue of Satan then he has worshiped Satan.  (TUHFUL AQOOL P-456).

41.  Modesty is the decoration of poverty & thank giving is the decoration of affluence & wealth . And patience & endurance is the ornament & decoration of calamity & eloquence is the decoration of speech ; & committing to memory  is the decoration of tradition . And bowing the shoulders is the decoration of knowledge . And the decency & good morale is the decoration of mind . And smiling face is the decoration of munifence & generosity . And not boasting of doing favor is the decoration of service . And spending less is the decoration of contentment . And abandoning the meaningless & fear of Allah .(EAHQAQ UL HAQ VOL 12, P-434).

42.  Our Qa'im is the same as the promised Mahdi whom you should await and when he appears you should obey. He will be my third descendant. I swear by the God who sent Muhammad as the Prophet and appointed us as the Imams that even if there remains a single day on earth, God will prolong it until the Mahdi emerges and fills the earth with justice and equity as it is filled with injustice and tyranny. God takes care of His affairs overnight just as He managed the affairs of Moses in one night. Moses had gone to fetch fire for his family and he returned having been fully designated as God's prophet.

43.  The trust in Allah is the price of everything that is precious and the ladder to every goal which is high and sublime.

44.  As a man asked Imam Muhammad Taqi al-Jawad (A.S.) for an advice, Imam (A.S.) said: Put your head on steadfastness, embrace poverty, reject the lusts, oppose your passions, and know that you cannot be out of Allah's sight. Consider how you should behave, then.

  1. Allah revealed to one of His prophets: Your asceticism will give you comfort. Your devotion to Me will endear you to Me. But, did you antagonize My enemies and cherish My disciples?
  2. It was related that highway robbers stole the large anounts of cloth that belonged to Imam al-Jawad (A.S.). The head of the caravan sent the Imam a message in which he informed him of that news. The Holy Imam (A.S.) answered him: Our souls and riches are within the pleasant gifts and the deposited loans of Allah Who makes us enjoy some of them pleasantly and delightedly and seizes whatever He wills with rewards and merits. He whosever intolerance overcomes his steadfastness will waste his rewards. Allah protect us against so.
  3. He who detested a matter that he witnessed is as same as those who were absent from it, and he who was absent from a matter that he loved is as same as those who witnessed it.
  4. He whoever listens to a caller is serving him. If the caller was Allah's representative, he is then serving Allah. If the caller was the Satan’s representative, he is then serving the Satan.
  5. Dawud-bin-al-Qasim related: I asked Imam al-Jawad (A.S.) about the meaning of 'Samad'. He said: Everything that lacks navel is 'Samad'. I said that people claim that 'Samad' is everything that lacks interior. Imam al-Jawad (A.S.) commented: Everything that lacks interior lacks navel.
  6. Abu-Hashim al-Ja'fari related: On the wedding day of Imam al-Jawad (A.S.) and Ummul-Fadhl, daughter of Al-Ma'mun, I said: O master, the blessing of this day is clearly great for us. The Holy Imam (A.S.) replied: O Abu-Hashim, Allah's blessings in this day have been great for us. "Yes, master," I said, "What should I say about the day?" Imam al-Jawad(A.S.) answered: Say only good things about the day so that you will be given from these good things. "Master," I said, "I will follow this instruction completely." Imam al-Jawad (A.S.) said: You will be guided to the right and you will see only the good if you adhere to this instruction.
  7. Delay of repentance is deception, excessive procrastination is perplexity, arrogance against Allah is perdition, and insistence on sins is security against Allah's unexpected retribution.
  8. A cameleer who took Imam al-Jawad (A.S.) from Medina to Al-Kufa asked for more money after the Imam had given him four hundred dinars. The Holy Imam (A.S.) said: How strange this is! Do you not know that Allah's increasing gifts will be stopped when the servants stop showing Him gratitude?
  9. If the ignorant keeps silent, people would not differ.
  10. Delaying repentance is a deception and prolonging the period before making repentance is an amazementful wandering. And adducing pretexts and making excuses before Allah is an annihilation.
  11. And insisting upon sin is being (considering oneself) safe from the scheme of Allah.
  12. And no one ever thinks himself safe from the scheme of Allah except the community of losers.
  13. Four qualities assist one upon practicing:
    1.Health
    2.Wealth
    3.Knowledge
    4.Divine grace
  14. Do know that you are not away from the sight of Allah, so see to it that in what condition you are living (sinfulness or piety).
  15. Trust in Allah is the price of every valuable commodity and the stairs to every lofty place.
  16. How does he, whose guardian is Allah, get perished?
  17. And how can he, who is being pursued by Allah, get salvation?
  18. Indeed we do not find access to the love of Allah except by facing the enmity of many people.
  19. And if the scholars conceal and hide their admonition inside themselves and seeing the spiritually dead and gone astray they do not revive and give life and guide them then they are dishonest in their interiors.
  20. The one who conceals (the way of) prosperity & progress from you has done enmity to you.
  21. The honor of the faithful lies in his needlessness from the people.
  22. The faithful needs three qualities:
    1)The grace and succor of Allah
  23. 2)An admonitioner and preacher of his own interior
  24. 3)Accepting the word of the one who admonishes him
  25. The supply of enhancement and abundance (of beneficience) from Allah does not get cut off till the thanksgiving of servants gets disconnected.
  26. There are three acts which make the servants reach the good pleasure & approval of Allah:
  27. 1.Plentifulness of repentance
  28. 2.Soft-naturedness and forbearance
  29. 3.Abundance of almsgiving
  30. The boon and benevolence which is not thanked for is like the sin not forgiven.
  31. Good state and sound health is the best providence and grant of Allah.
  32. Allah revealed to some of the prophets: Nevertheless, your piety in the world makes you easy and comfortable.
  33. Moreover, your disconnecting from the world and turning towards me makes you honorable by Me.
  34. But have you made anyone your enemy for Me?
  35. And made a friend for Me?
  36. It is sufficient for a man’s being dishonest that he becomes the trustee of dishonest ones.
  37. Be firm so as to reach the goal or get near it.
  38. To show a matter before preparing for it properly is spoiling it.
  39. A believer is in need of successfulness from Allah, a self-preaching, and accession to the advisers.
  40. One who follows his desires, concedes to the wishes of his enemy.
  41. Do not be an apparent friend of Allah in open, and secret enemy of His in private.

86.  The trust in Allah is the price of everything that is precious and the ladder to every goal which is high and sublime.

87.  One who follows his desires, concedes to the wishes of his enemy.

88.  Do not be an apparent friend of Allah in open and secret enemy of His in private.

89.  The Imam then added: "Awaiting for the deliverance to come is the best act for our Shi'a."

90.  “Imăm Muhammad Taqi (AS) stated: ‘Associating with friends matures one’s mind and enlivens one’s
heart, be it even only slightly’

91.  No charity is superior to giving a helping hand to the weak.

92.  The trust in Allah is the price of everything that is precious and the
ladder to every goal which is high and sublime.

93.  If two persons are of equal status in terms of piety and nobility, the one who is superior in good manners is more honorable to God. The narrator says: I said: May my soul be sacrificed for you! The superiority of a person with good manners is known to people but how is it to God? The Imam (A.S.) said the virtue is that he recites the Holy Quran as it has been revealed and avoids wrong articulation of Dua, for a Dua which is not articulated properly does not ascend towards God.

94.  Never bother to learn something, not knowing which does not do you any harm, and never neglect
to learn something whose negligence will increase your ignorance.

95.  Once when the young Imam was on his way to Baghdad he came across Mamun's party returning from a hunting trip. All the other children on the street ran but the Imam did not.
Mamun asked the young Imam, "Why did you not run away?"

96.  Imam said the road was wide enough for all of them and neither had he committed a sin. Mamun then asked him his identity.

97.  After finding out, he asked Imam what he (Mamun) had in his hands. Imam replied "Allah has created tiny fish in the river. These fish are hunted by the Hawks of the kings and the descendants of the Prophets reveal the secrets".

98.  As a man asked him for an advice, Imam al-Jawad(A.S.) said: Put your head on steadfastness, embrace poverty, reject the lusts, oppose your passions, and know that you cannot be out of Allah's sight. Consider how you should behave, then.

99.  Allah revealed to one of His prophets: Your asceticism will give you comfort. Your devotion to Me will endear you to Me. But, did you antagonize My enemies and cherish My disciples?

100.                      It was related that highway robbers stole the large anounts of cloth that belonged to Imam al-Jawad(A.S.). The head of the caravan sent the Imam a message in which he informed him of that news. The Holy Imam (A.S.) answered him: Our souls and riches are within the pleasant gifts and the deposited loans of Allah Who makes us enjoy some of them pleasantly and delightedly and seizes whatever He wills with rewards and merits. He whosever intolerance overcomes his steadfastness will waste his rewards. Allah protect us against so.

101.                      He who detested a matter that he witnessed is as same as those who were absent from it, and he who was absent from a matter that he loved is as same as those who witnessed it.

102.                      He whoever listens to a caller is serving him. If the caller was Allah's representative, he is then serving Allah. If the caller was the Shaitan's representative, he is then serving the Shaitan.

103.                      Dawud-bin-al-Qasim related: I asked Imam al-Jawad(A.S.) about the meaning of 'Samad'. He said: Everything that lacks navel is 'Samad'. I said that people claim that 'Samad' is everything that lacks interior.Imam al-Jawad(A.S.) commented: Everything that lacks interior lacks navel.

104.                      Abu-Hashim al-Ja'fari related: On the wedding day of Imam al-Jawad(A.S.) and Ummul-Fadhl, daughter of Al-Ma'mun. I said: O master, the blessing of this day is clearly great for us. The Holy Imam (A.S.) replied: O Abu-Hashim, Allah's blessings in this day have been great for us. "Yes, master," I said, "What should I say about the day?" Imam al-Jawad(A.S.) answered: Say only good things about the day so that you will be given from these good things. "Master," I said, "I will follow this instruction completely." Imam al-Jawad(A.S.) said: You will be guided to the right and you will see only the good if you adhere to this instruction.

105.                      Imam al-Jawad(A.S.) wrote to one of his disciples: We are only ladling from this world. He whose belief and religion are the same as his acquaintance will surely accompany tha acquaintance everywhere. The life to come is surely the remaining abode.

106.                      Delay of repentance is deception, excessive procrastination is perplexity, arrogance against Allah is perdition, and insistence on sins is security against Allah's unexpected retribution. No one can consider himself secure from the retribution of Allah except those who are lost. (Holy Qur'an 7:99).

107.                      A cameleer who took Imam al-Jawad(A.S.) from Medina to Al-Kufa asked for more money after the Imam had given him four hundred dinars. The Holy Imam (A.S.) said: How strange this is! Do you not know that Allah's increasing gifts will be stopped when the servants stop showing Him gratitude?

108.                      The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) accepted the pledge of allegiance of women by dripping his hand in a bowl of water, and when he took his hand out, women dripped their hands in that bowl and declared the shahada, faith in Allah, and believing in the Holy Prophet(S.A.W.) and the matters they had to acknowledge.

109.                      To show a matter before preparing for it properly is spoiling it.

110.                      A believer is in need of successfulness from Allah, a self-preaching, and accession to the advisers.

111.                      When you wish to visit the tomb of Musa ibn Jafar(A.S.) and the tomb of Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Musa(A.S.), first you must bathe and make yourself clean, then anoint yourself with perfume and put on two clean garments, after which you are to say at the tomb of the Imam Musa: -

112.                      Peace be upon thee, O Friend of God!

113.                      Peace be upon thee, O Proof of God!

114.                      Peace be upon thee, O Light of God!

115.                      O Light in the dark place of the earth!

116.                      Peace be upon him whom God advances in thy regard,

117.                      Behold I come as a pilgrim, who acknowledges your right,

118.                      Who hates your enemies and befriends your friends,

119.                      So intercede for me therefore with your Lord.

120.                      "You are then free," said the Imam Ali Naqi(A.S.), "

121.                      To ask for your personal needs, after which you should offer a prayer in salutation to the Imam Muhammad Taqi(A.S.), using these same words."
Majlisi, who has included these traditions in his instructions for modern pilgrims to this Shrine, makes the observation in explanation of the unusual - brevity of the prescribed prayer, "that it was necessary in those times to take great care in dissimulation (taqiyah) that the Shias should not suffer injury."

122.                      One day, when the young Imam was only nine years old, the caliph Mamoun went out hunting. The Imam was standing silently by the road side where some children were playing. The caliphs entourage came that way. Seeing the soldiers of the caliph all the children ran away, but the young Imam remained standing at his place. Noting this, Mamoun stopped his carriage and asked, “Young man, why did you not run away like the other children?”
The Imam replied calmly, “ Neither had I committed a crime, nor was I blocking the way. Why should I have run away or be afraid? And I also know that you will not cause any unnecessary trouble when your way is not blocked."
Mamoun was surprised with this mature reply and asked, “ What is your name?”
“Muhammad,” came the reply. Whose son are you? asked Mamoun. "Son of Ali ibn Musa (AS)."

123.                      Mamoun rode on. During his hunt the hawk returned to him with a fish in its beak. Mamoun was surprised. He returned back toward the city. Once again, he found children playing on the samespot, who ran away seeing the caliph’s soldiers, except this young man who said he was Muhammad son of Ali ibn Musa (AS) who remained where he was. Mamoun hid the fish in his palm, stopped his carriage near the Imam and said, “Tell me, what is there in my fist?” The Imam replied, “God created clouds between earth and sky. The hawks of kings sometimes catch fish from there and bring it to the Kings. They hide it in their fist and ask a member of the Ahlulbayt of the Prophet, “Tell me what is there in my fist.”
Mamoun said, “ Truly, you are the worthy son of Imam Ali Al-Reza (AS) (Bihar-al Anwar ,Majlisi). Mamoun took the young Imam with him, and let him live in a nearby house next to the Royal Palace.

124.                      Mamoun convened a magnificent gathering for this open contest. There was anxiety to see this unequal match where a boy of Twelve was to contest with the seasoned and renowned Chief Justice of the Abbasid Empire. People crowded from every quarter. Historians have recorded that apart from dignitaries and nobles, 900 seats were reserved for scholars only. Mamouns’ reign was described as the golden age of learning. Experts of every trade and profession assembled in that great capital from every corner of the Empire. Mamoun had a carpet laid by the side of his throne to seat Imam Muhammad Taqi(AS). In front of him was accommodated the Chief Justice Yahya ibn Aktham. There was a pin drop silence among the audience who waited to hear the arguments. Silence was broken by Yahya who said, “ Will His Majesty allow me to put some questions to Imam Muhammad Taqi(AS) Mamoun replied, “ You may seek permission from the Imam himself.”

125.                      Yahya said to the Imam, “ Do you allow me to put some questions to you?” “Yes, you may” replied the Imam. Yahya began by asking a question, “What is atonement for a person who hunts a game while he is dressed in the pilgrimage garb (‘Ahram).” The question itself indicated that Yahya underestimated the scholarly attainments of his opponent. Drunk with the pride of position and knowledge, he thought that the young man might well be aware of simple daily routine problems of prayer or fasting, but the possibility that he might be totally ignorant of the statutes of pilgrimage or of the atonement of sins or mistakes committed by a pilgrim never entertained his mind.
The sagacious young Imam was clever enough for the seasoned enquirer. Instead of giving a general or a vague reply, he analysed the different aspects of the problem so dexterously that the audience immediately had a true estimate of the Imam’s knowledge and of Yahya’s shallow mindedness. Yahya too was puzzled and felt humiliated when the Imam addressed him in the following manner:

126.                      “Your question is utterly vague and lacks definition. You should first clarify whether the game killed was outside the sanctified area or inside it; whether the hunter was aware of his sin or did so in ignorance; did he kill the game purposely or by mistake, was the hunter a slave or a free man, was he adult or minor, did he commit the sin for the first time or had he done so before, was the hunted game a bird or something else, was it a small animal or a big one, is the sinner sorry for the misdeed or does he insist on it, did he kill it secretly at night or openly during daylight, was he putting on the pilgrimage garb for Hajj or for the Umra? Unless you clarify and define these aspects, how can you have a definite answer?”

127.                      Whatever Yahya’s knowledge might have been, he was undoubtedly a well read man in Jurisprudence. While the Imam was unfolding all such details of the problem, he had judged that he was no match for his ingenious opponent. His face lost colour and the audience realised the situation well. His lips were sealed and he made no reply. Mamoun fully assessed his condition and thought it was useless to put any further pressure on him. He then requested the Imam to solve all the aspects of the question. Yahya silent and puzzled, gazed at the Imam. But Mamoun was bent on carrying the matter to the end. He therefore requested the Imam to put some questions to Yahya if he liked. The Imam then said to Yahya, “ May I ask you a question? Disillusioned, Yahya who now had the true estimate of the Imam’s capacity and had no misunderstanding about his own worth, said in a humble tone,” Your grace can ask, I shall reply if I can or I shall get it solved by your own self.” Then the Imam put a question in reply to which Yahya admitted his ignorance. The Imam explained it too. Mamoun's joy knew no bounds. What he had asserted came true. Addressing the audience he said, “Did I not tell you that the people of the Ahlulbayt of the Prophet have been gifted by God with limitless knowledge? None can cope with even the children of this elevated House.”

128.                      The excitement of the gathering was great. All unanimously exclaimed that Mamoun’s guess was correct and that the Imam Muhammad Taqi al Jawad (AS) was a matchless person. The Emperor then thought it advisable to marry his daughter to Imam there and then. The Imam himself recited the marriage Khutba. This address (Khutba) became so famous that as a remembrance, it has been recited at weddings everywhere throughout the muslim world ever since. Over joyed at this auspicious occasion Mamoun displayed his full generosity, giving away millions in charity to the poor.

129.                      When the people departed and a few of the courtiers remained including the Chief Justice Yahya ibn Akhtham, Mamoun asked the Imam to tell them the law concerning the aspects into which the killing of the animal was done by a Muhrim. (Meaning a pilgrim in Aahram)
“Yes,” replied the Imam. “ If he had killed the animal outside the sacred ground and it was winged and large ,an atonement of sheep would have been necessary for him. If he had struck it down in the sanctuary, the penalty required of him would be doubled. If he killed a young bird outside the sacred ground, then the atonement of a lamb which had been weaned off milk would have been required of him. If he had killed it in the sanctuary, then he would have been required to sacrifice a lamb and the value of the young bird. As for wild animals, if it was a wild ass, he would have been required to sacrifice a cow. If it was an ostrich, the sacrifice of a camel would be necessary. If it had been a deer, then a sheep would have been necessary. If he had killed any of those in the sanctuary, the penalty would have been doubled. Imam continued to describe all avenues of penalties for the Muhrim to the astonishment of the audience.” ( Al Irshad by Mufid) “You have done well Abu Jaafar and God has adorned you,” said Mamoun to him.

130.                      Some one asked, “was the Messenger of God Muhammad ibn Abdullah an illiterate.” Imam replied, “No, the Messenger of God knew 72 languages in which he could read, write and speak.”

131.                      Some one asked the Imam about the Angels. What are they? The Imam replied, “ They are the powers
of God that regulate the Universe.”

132.                      "You are then free," said the Imam Ali Naqi, "to ask for your personal needs, after which you should offer a prayer in salutation to the Imam Muhammad Taqi, using these same words.

133.                      He was the only son of Imam Ali Ridha (a.s.) The Prophet (S.A.W.) had said:

"My father be sacrificed on the mother of the 9th Imam who will be a pure and pious Nubian."

134.                      It was a grand occasion with some 900 other scholars present. Imam (a.s.) was first asked by Yahya:

What is the compensation (kaffara) for a person in Ehraam who hunted and killed his prey?"

Imam replied that there were many more details required before he could answer the question:

Did the Muhrim (one in Ehraam) hunt in the haram or outside?
Did the Muhrim know Sharia or not?
Did he hunt intentionally or not?
Did he hunt for the first time or was this one of many times?
Was he free or a slave?
Was his prey a bird or an animal?
Was it big or small?
Had he hunted by day or by night?
Was he baligh or not?
Was he repentant or not?
Was his ehraam for Hajj or Umra?
Yahya was stunned. He looked down and started sweating.

Mamun asked the young Imam to answer the question, which he did, and then Imam asked Yayha a question which he could not answer. The Banu Abbas admitted defeat and Mamun took the opportunity to offer his daughter in marraige to Imam. Imam (a.s.) read his own Nika (the khutba of which is used today) with the Mehr of 500 dirhams. Imam wrote a letter to Mamun that he would also give Ummul Fadhl Mehr from the wealth of Aakhira. This was in the form of 10 duas which were for fulfilling any hajaat (desires) [Chain of narrators upto Prophet - Jibrail - Allah]* . Thus his title Al-Jawad (the generous one).

135.                      Mamun asked the young Imam, "Why did you not run away?"

Imam said the road was wide enough for all of them and neither had he committed a sin. Mamun then asked him his identity.

After finding out, he asked Imam what he (Mamun) had in his hands. Imam replied "Allah has created tiny fish in the river. These fish are hunted by the Hawks of the kings and the descendants of the Prophets reveal the secrets".

136.                      Imam who will arise Hazrat Mahdi (Qa'im), peace be on him, and the events which will take place before his appearance, together with the indications and features of it.

Among them are:
- The Sufyani will come out in revolt;
- the Hasanid will be killed;
- the Abbasids will dispute over worldly kingdom;
- there will be an eclipse of the sun in the middle of the month of Ramadan;
- there will be an eclipse of the moon at the end of that month in contrast to ordinary happenings;
- the land will be swallowed up at al-Bayda'; it will be swallowed in the east-it will be swallowed up in the west;
- the sun will stay still from the time of its decline to the middle of the time for the afternoon prayer;
- it will rise from the west;
- a pure soul (nafs zakiyya) will be killed in the outskirts of Kufa with seventy righteous men;
- a Hashimite will be slaughtered between the corner (of the Ka'ba) and the station of Abraham);
- the wall of the mosque of Kufa will be destroyed;
- black standards will advance from Khurasan;
- al-Yamani will come out in revolt;
- al-Maghribi will appear in Egypt and take possession of it from Syria;
- the Turk will occupy the region of al-Jazira;
- the Byzantines will occupy Ramla;
- the star will appear in the east giving light just like the moon gives light;
- then (the new moon) will bend until its two tips almost meet;
- a colour will appear in the sky and spread to its horizons;
- a fire will appear for a long time in the east remaining in the air for three or seven days;
- the Arabs will throw off the reins and take possession of their land, throwing out the foreign authority;
- the people of Egypt will kill their ruler and destroy Syria; and three standards will dispute over it (Syria);
- the standards of Qays and the Arabs will come among the people of Egypt;
- the standards of Kinda (will go) to Khurasan;
- horses will come from the west until they are stabled in al-Hira;
- the black standards will advance towards them from the east; the Euphrates will flood so that the water comes into the alleys of Kufa;
- sixty liars will come forward, all of them claiming prophethood, and twelve will come forward from the family of Abu Talib, all of them claiming the Imamate; a man of important rank of the supporters of the 'Abbasids will be burnt between Jalula' and Khaniqin;
- the bridge next to Karkh in the city of Baghdad will be established;
- a black wind will raise it at the beginning of the day and then an earthquake will occur so that much of it will be swallowed up;
- fear will cover the people of Iraq and Baghdad; swift death (will occur) there and there will be a loss of property, lives and harvests;
- locusts will appear at their usual times and at times not usual so that they attack agricultural land and crops and there will be little harvest for what the people planted;
- two kinds of foreigners will dispute and much blood will be shed in their quarrel;
- slaves will rebel against obedience to their masters and kill their masters (mawali);
- a group of heretics (ahl al-bida) will be transformed until they become monkeys and pigs;
- slaves will conquer the land of their masters; a cry (will come) from the sky (in such a way) that all the people will hear it in their own languages;
- a face and a chest will appear in the sky before the people in the centre of the sun;
- the dead will arise from their graves so that they will return to the world and they will recognize one another and visit one another;
- that will come to an end with twenty-four continous rainstorms and the land will be revived by them after being dead and it will recognize its blessings;
- after that every disease will be taken away from those of the Shia of the Mahdi, peace be on him, who believe in the truth;
at that time they will know of his appearance in Mecca and they will go to him to support him.
(These signs) are as the reports have mentioned. Among the total of these events are some which are bound (to happen) and other which are conditional. God knows best what will take place. We have only mentioned them on the basis of what is recounted in basic sources of tradition (usul) because of their inclusion in traditions which have been handed down. From God we seek help and Him do we ask for success.


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